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J. G. Abbott

John George Abbott was born in 1877 in Poplar, London and was a cabinet maker by trade. By the end of the century. I can imagine the musicians who were 'getting into' banjos around the turn of the century, looking for skilled craftsmen to make instruments. Fortunately, they found John Abbott.

In 1901 he went to supervise the production of Barnes & Mullins banjos at their factory in Harrow.

When he left in 1905, he started his own company J G Abbott & Co in Hampstead Road , London. He made banjos under his own name and for several of the other 'names' in the banjo business such as Norton Greenop, Charles Skinner, John Alvey Turner and Len Shevill. It is not uncommon to find an Abbott-made banjo of this era branded by another firm , such as Hawkes.

There were two main makes of banjo - an ordinary Abbott banjo in 3 grades with grade 1 being the best and a more expensive banjo named either the Monarch or the Mirabile depending on the type which was also graded by decoration and quality.

1905 was also the year that his son was born. He was also called John George, just as his father and grandfather had been - there were three generations of John George Abbott living at this point in time.

As John junior, or Jack as he became known to distinguish him from his father, grew up, he learnt the trade of instrument making and for a period of time in the late 1920s and during the 1930s both men worked together producing guitars, banjos and banjo ukuleles at their workshop in London which had moved in 1928 to Chalton Street. During this era, it is possible to confuse the attribution of a particular Abbott instrument but those in the trade can spot the tell-tale differences in workmanship between father and son.

When JG Abbott grew ill in 1936 and gave up the business, Jack started on his own producing guitars, occasional banjos and banjo ukuleles. Around this time, Besson's acquired J G Abbott & Co.

JG Abbott, John senior, died in 1938.

Jack continued making instruments until the mid 1950s when he retired and returned to the stock exchange which suggests that he initially trained for and worked there before becoming an instrument maker. He also moved out of London to Cambridgeshire where he was persuaded out of retirement in 1970 to make around 200 banjo ukuleles for the George Formby Society over the next 8 years.

Jack died in February 1994.

Trade Names of Abbott & Co

Abbott-Victor

1932-1957

Guitars

Amboyna

1905 -

Zither Banjos

Aristone

1928 -

Guitars

Mirabile

1905 -

Banjos

Monarch

1905 -

Banjos and Banjo Ukuleles