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Seventh Chords

To form a seventh chord, you take a Major or Minor Chord and add another note on top. However, there are several different kinds of the Seventh Chord which you need to be aware of.

Example: This is the scale of G again:


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
G A B C D E F# G

The seventh note of the scale is an F# and adding this to G Major would give a G Major Seventh chord.

If you flatten the seventh note to F you get an 'ordinary' seventh (called a dominant seventh - G7).

If you flatten the 3rd (to make a Minor Chord) and flatten the 7th, you'd have a G Minor Seventh Chord.

Take a look at the table below:


Chord 1 3 5 7
G major seventh G B D F#
G dominant seventh G B D F
G minor seventh G Bb D F