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Chordophone

A musical instrument where the primary sound producer is a vibrating string so this covers Guitar, Lute, Mandolin, Dulcimer, Piano, Harp, Zither etc.

These instruments usually have a resonator box to naturally amplify the sound of the vibrating string or strings.

A further distinction can be made by the relationship of the strings to the resonator or soundbox. In harp type instruments, the strings emerge perpendicular to the soundbox and in Lyre type instruments, they are parallel to the soundbox.

Lutes and all derivatives (Guitar, Mandolin etc) are Lyres with necks while instruments where the strings are entirely contained by the soundboard are Zithers (Dulcimers, Piano etc), themselves a derivative of the Lyre.