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Clarinet

A musical instrument of the woodwind family with a single Reed. It is derived from an early Baroque instrument called the Chalumeau which was similar to a Recorder but with a reed mouthpiece and a restricted range of just over an octave. They were made in the same range as recorders Soprano, Alto or Descant, Tenor or Treble and Bass tuned to F, C, F,C just as a recorder family.

At some point (late 1700s), a register key was introduced with other improvements to access the second octave and the fundamental tuning dropped to A or Bb. More keys were added and the modern clarinet now has an extremely wide range. The first register is still known as the Chalumeau, the second is the Clarinet and the third is the Altissimo.