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Double Bass

Double Bass (c) FreeFoto.comThe Double Bass is familiar as the large vertically played instrument played mostly by plucking with the fingers and used as the acoustic bass accompaniment to many types of music. It is a 4 string instrument without frets and tuned to EADG - the same as a Bass Guitar or Mandobass. It is meant to be bowed as well as plucked, which it is in orchestras but rarely in Folk.
It has characteristics of both the Viol family and the Violin family and forms with both shapes exist. It may have started as the Bass Viol and evolved with Violin popularity and construction techniques into the modern instrument. It's tuning is in fourths which reduces the stretch between notes which makes it differently tuned to the rest of the Violin family which are tuned in fifths.

Picture courtesy of freefoto.com