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Farandole

A Dance from Provence and Languedoc in the South of France and also Catalonia in Spain in Jig time (6/8) and danced as an open chain procession.

Thought to be a derivative of a Greek dance brought to Marseille by the Phoenicians, it is an open air dance to which people attach as it processes. The chain led by the abbat-mage can form certain impromptu moves such as forming a sepent (spiral), a circle or an arch (threading the needle) or performing a gallop. The music is not always jig time, as it follows a Single Jig pattern rather than a Double Jig and therefore Duple Time music fits as well. It is traditionally performed on a fife and drum. In form it is often related to the Breton Gavotte or Spanish Tarantella.  

  

It is suggested that the outdoor, weaving and community nature of the dance is associated with Spring and fertility and it would often encircle wells, trees and houses.

See also the Carmagnole.