The Fling, or Highland Fling is an 18th century dance from the Scottish Highlands. Originally an all-male dance by soldiers, it was performed as a victory dance around a shield (Targe), it is actually a Reel with the leg characteristically 'flung', but danced to a Strathspey which is a slower tempo.
It is still danced on the spot to an imaginary Targe (Shield) and the upheld arms are sometimes said to portray a stag's antlers. It is not a social dance but intended for display.
Some observers note that it is simply a Foursome Reel minus the progression and plus some individuality.