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A (normally) side blown wind Instrument of the woodwind section without a Reed.

Flute is a generic term meaning non-reed wind instruments and covers Penny Whistle and Recorder although the instrument normally thought of as a flute is the transverse keyed metal instrument which is the western concert flute pitched in the key of C with a range of 3 octaves in skilled hands.

Recorders and whistles have fipples that direct air from the mouth onto the edge that produces the vibration in the air column inside the instrument. The flute does not. The player must find the position for themselves.

Some flutes are end blown (like recorders) and some are powered by nose rather than mouth.

For Traditional Music, wooden flutes are often preferred. Early flutes were wooden but now they are often called Irish Flutes as they are popular in Irish Music.