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Gittern

A stringed instrument with characteristics of the Citole although there is no clear connection between the two. It is generally small and carved from a single piece of wood (neck and body together) but has a Lute-like appearance. It originated in the 14th century but by the 16th century had probably undergone convergent evolution with the Vihuela and started to become the Guitar. It was probably brought into Spain by the Moors along with the Lute and had already been developed before it came to Europe.

It had 4, 5 or 6 strings and was probably tuned in 4th and 5ths like a Mandore.