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Gregorian Chant

The basic liturgical chant in Western Europe is the Plainchant and is essentially a single voice song to accompany parts of the service, particularly Mass. Although single voice, it could be sung by many but all sing the same part.

The Chants are very much concerned with the Modes of music and have influence Folk Music through these modes (although early Instruments tended to be modal so there was a dual influence).

It was named in honour of Pope Gregory I who collected a body of Plainchant in the 6th Century and established a school in Rome (Cantorum) to train liturgical singers.