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Hummel

A Stringed Instrument from Sweden and a type of Diatonic Zither of a form common all over Northern Europe (Langeliek, Langspil, Epinette Des Voges, Citera, Scheitholt) and probably dating to the Middle Ages. It is likely, given the similarity in form, the instrument which gave rise to the Appalachian Dulcimer when it travelled to America in the 18th and 19th century.

The Hummel has a modal tuning -  (Mixolydian) - and is played with a Plectrum which was originally a feather or quill. Nowadays, finger-picking is also used. The exact number of strings varies but there are usually three or four melody strings and a number of drone strings which are normally tuned to an open chord or a single tonic note such as D.