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Inversion

An Inversion is a Chord which starts on a note other than the Tonic. For example, the Chord of Cmajor is composed of the notes C E and G normally in rising order - that is start on a C, add an E higher and then a G higher still.

If you were to start with the E and add the higher G and then a C higher, it would still be a Cmajor chord because it contains all the right notes but it would be called the First Inversion. Similarly starting on the G would be the Second Inversion. The same principle is applied to any chord with any number of notes.